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White, Allom & Company

Pair of throne chairs c.1937

Wood, velvet and embroidery | 130.7 x 84.0 x 74.0 cm (whole object) | RCIN 2604

Throne Room, Buckingham Palace

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  • X-shaped throne chairs with arms in Tudor style covered in red velvet; underside of back and seat decorated with gold fringing. Embroidered white Tudor rose at front of supports. Embroidered front and back with arms of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. 

    These throne chairs were made in 1937 for the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. Their design replicates the style of chair made for the coronations of Charles II and James II in the seventeenth century. The X-shape of the legs is reminiscent of folding stools of the Tudor period. In the seventeenth century, the X-shape remained a decorative feature, and the arms and back were added for comfort.

    The chairs were made by the London furniture-maker, White, Allom & Company, founded by Sir Charles Allom in 1902. The firm specialised in period interior decoration and reproductions of historic furniture. This is also the company that made the Coronation chairs for Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip in 1953. The choice for a historic English design and a British manufacturer was intentional. The purpose was to establish a connection between the new Sovereign and his ancestry, and to emphasize the quality of British craftsmanship.

    The collection of Coronation chairs in the Throne Room spans just over a hundred years; until George V's and Queen Mary's Coronation in 1910 it had been customary to sell the chairs and other furnishings made specifically for the occasion to those who attended the event.
    Provenance

    Made for the Coronation of King George VI, who succeeded to the throne, 11 December 1936

  • Medium and techniques

    Wood, velvet and embroidery

    Measurements

    130.7 x 84.0 x 74.0 cm (whole object)