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Assorted regalia from the Crown Jewels

The Crown Jewels are the most complete collection of royal regalia in the world

In detail: St Edward's Crown

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St Edward's Crown is the crown used at the moment of coronation.  It was made for Charles II in 1661, as a replacement for the medieval crown which had been melted down in 1649 by the Parliamentarians.  The original was thought to date back to the eleventh-century royal saint, Edward the Confessor – the last Anglo-Saxon king of England. 

The crown was commissioned from the Royal Goldsmith, Robert Vyner, in 1661.  Although it is not an exact replica of the medieval design, it follows the original in having four crosses-pattée and four fleurs-de-lis, and two arches.  It is composed of a solid gold frame set with semi-precious stones, including rubies, amethysts, sapphires, garnet, topazes and tourmalines.  The crown has a velvet cap with an ermine band. 

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Sir Robert Viner, 1st Baronet (1631-88)

St Edward's Crown