Frederick, Prince of Wales

Portrait of Frederick, Prince of Wales

Eldest son of George II
Born: 1707
Died: 1751, during father's lifetime

  • Spent much of his youth in Hanover and was on poor terms with his father
  • Married Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg in 1736; their children included the future George III, born in 1738
  • ‘No Prince since King Charles the First took so much pleasure nor observations on works of art or artists’ (George Vertue)
  • Formed an outstanding collection of Italian, Spanish, French and Flemish paintings, including works by Van Dyck, Rubens and Bruegel
  • Bought miniatures, including several by Isaac Oliver, from Dr Mead’s sale
  • Commissioned informal portraits by Amigoni and Mercier
  • Acquired a collection of drawings by Poussin
  • Commissioned silverware from Crespin and Sprimont and furniture from Benjamin Goodison and John Boson
  • Acquired land at Kew as a rural retreat and began the exotic planting of the grounds, the nucleus of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew
  • William Kent remodelled Carlton House and built the White House at Kew for him, and also designed his state barge

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