Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci 1452-Amboise 1519)
The muscles of the shoulder, torso and leg c.1504-6
Pen and ink, and red chalk | 16.1 x 15.3 cm (sheet of paper) | RCIN 912640
Two studies of a nude man, standing in profile to the right, with his right arm cut off to show the muscles of the side; a scene of a horseman charging at a fleeing man with a shield; a note on the action of the shoulder muscles, and above, a slight sketch of the shoulder and raised arm of the central nude; to the right of the figures is a slight sketch of an arm, extended horizontally; on the extreme right, a man's left leg and hip, viewed in profile to the right. Leonardo often used one sheet of paper to explore several different subjects, in this case a small battle scene, anatomical studies, and written notes. The three anatomical studies on the left-hand side of the page show how the superficial muscles of the torso change when the shoulder is placed in different positions. Leonardo explains his findings in the notes written in his characteristic backwards 'mirror-writing'.
ProvenanceBequeathed to Francesco Melzi; from whose heirs purchased by Pompeo Leoni, c.1582-90; Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel, by 1630; Probably acquired by Charles II; Royal Collection by 1690
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P(L) : Pedretti, C., The Drawings and Misc Papers of Leonardo da Vinci in the Collection of HM The Queen at Windsor Castle, Vol. I (1982): Landscapes, Plants and Water Studies. Vol. II (1987): Horses and Other Animals [Vols III and IV were not published] - P(L) 326