S & P Erard - Grand piano
Grand piano 1856
Grand piano with gilded and painted surface by François Rochard in polychrome colours with singeries and Berainesque motifs. Mouldings and rim of piano of bronze, chased and gilt. Supported on three incurving cabriole legs of gilded wood with heavy floral garlands and carved at the top with two scrolls flanking a prominent flower. Pedal section in form of lyre in gilded wood with foliate decoration.
The piano was built in 1856 by the firm S & P Erard, but incorporates earlier panels from an 1834 piano, painted by François Rochard.
For Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, the piano was the centre of music-making at home and they installed pianos in the private apartments of all their residences. Together they played arrangements of overtures and symphonies, and accompanied each other in song. This elaborately decorated instrument by Erard was intended as a showpiece for the State Rooms at Buckingham Palace. The gilded case is decorated in the French early eighteenth-century style with cherubs and singeries – comical scenes involving monkeys playing musical instruments and making mischief. Queen Victoria had owned a piano decorated in a similar manner almost twenty years earlier. In her diary of 5 March 1839, she wrote, 'Lord Melbourne admired the new painted piano I have in the drawing-room, and said, 'I like those monkeys on it.' (QVJ)
François Théodore Rochard (Paris 1798 - London 1858), was a miniature painter, and the younger brother of the miniaturist Simon Jacques Rochard (1788-1872). He exhibited miniatures at the Royal Academy most years between 1820 and 1855, but this example of singerie and Berainesque motifs differs from Rochard's other works and is the only known example by this artist.
Erard was founded by Sébastien Erard (1752-1831). Trained in Strasbourg, Erard moved to Paris in 1768 and began making pianos for the French nobility. He was later joined by his brother Jean-Baptiste Erard (1749-1826) and the business grew, especially after Royal commissions from Marie-Antoinette, but suffered during the French Revolution. The family opened a London outlet in 1790/1, which concentrated on the production of harps. Sébastien is famous for making a great number of technical improvements and inventions and took out between fifteen adn twenty patents in England alone. After the death of Sébastien Erard, Jean Baptiste's son Pierre (1794-1855) took over the busines in Paris and London, winning a gold medal at the 1824 Paris Exposition and later becoming piano maker to Albert, Prince Consort. Many illustrious pianists played Erard instruments, including Liszt and Mendelssohn.
Stamped with the serial number 3985, and twice inside C. MARTIN. Inscribed on the nameboard: ERARD P. ERARD fecit and F. ROCHARD PINXIT.
Text adapted from Victoria & Albert: Art & Love, London, 2010
ProvenanceSupplied to Queen Victoria on 30 April 1856
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