Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, second Duke of Norfolk
The Royal Collection © 2012,
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, second Duke of Norfolk

1443-1524

Nominated 1483 (under Richard III). Degraded 1485; restored c.1491

A supporter of Edward IV and Richard III, for whom he fought at the Battle of Bosworth. Gained the trust of the Tudor monarchs and became one of the most influential figures of Henry VIII's early reign. Led the victorious English forces at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, for which he was created Duke of Norfolk. Reluctantly pronounced the sentence of death on his fellow Garter Knight Edward Stafford in 1521. Died at Framlingham Castle on 21 May 1524.