Shackleton and the 'Endurance' Expedition 1914-16

Shackleton and the 'Endurance' Expedition 1914-16


Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) had travelled with Captain Scott on an earlier voyage to Antarctica, before leading his own unsuccessful attempt to reach the South Pole in 1907-9. In 1914, galvanised by the achievement of the Pole and Scott’s death, he made a bid to cross the southern continent on foot. Among his team was the Australian photographer Frank Hurley (1885-1962), who joined Shackleton’s ship Endurance in Buenos Aires.

Hurley immediately began photographing activity on board, even climbing the rigging to obtain the best viewpoints. In January 1915 Endurance became trapped in the ice. When the ship, crushed between ice floes, began to disintegrate in October 1915, the photographer spent almost three days on the ice, determined not to miss the final moments of the vessel. His images of Endurance listing into the frozen depths are included in the exhibition, along with atmospheric photographs of the ship at night and of the effects of the weather and seasons on the ice.


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Hurley and Sir Ernest Shackleton at Patience Camp
Head of Moraine Fjord, South Georgia
Glacier Moraine Fjord, South Georgia
The ramparts of Mount Paget, South Georgia
Sea elephant pups, South Georgia
Entering the pack ice. Weddell Sea, lat. 57° 59' S, long. 22° 39' W
Typical pack ice, Weddell Sea, lat. 62° 50' S, long. 17° 21' W
A pinnacled glacier berg observed in lat. 62° 41' S, long. 17° 32'  W
Dawn of 1915
The surroundings of the ship at the end of winter
The effect of a blizzard on the flow
HMS <em>Endurance</em> laying to awaiting the opening up of the pack
Looking south over the frozen sea
Efforts being made to free the ship from frozen captivity
Young King penguin in first year plumage, South Georgia
Gentoo penguin with egg, South Georgia
Young Emperor penguins
Deck of <em>HMS Endurance</em> on the way south
The departing sun
Hurley with his team
Samson at the entrance of his dogloo
Saint
Bummer
The Bastion Berg
Self-portrait with cinematograph next to the <em>Endurance</em>
The return of the sun after 92 days
Huge blocks ... were thrown about in indescribable confusion
Worsley standing next to a working pressure ridge
Wild and Shackleton between two pressure ridges
Dawn after Winter
The incipient stage of a pressure ridge
Ice flowers
The night watchman spins a yarn
Frank Hurley and Leonard Hussey on night watch
Taking occultations
Taking the dogs out for exercise
The bi-weekly ablutions of the 'Ritz'
In the 'Ritz', the work room of the Ship
'Bob' Clark in the biological laboratory
Hussey and James, in the 'Rookery'.
Wind-sculptured hummocks
The <em>Endurance</em> in the garb of winter
During Midwinter
The ship was the nucleus of a pressure wave
The frozen surface of the Weddell sea just before the ship was crushed
The HMS <em>Endurance</em> forced out of the ice
The ship ... 15 seconds after the floes came together
The HMS <em>Endurance</em> crushed between the floes
Wild observes the wreck
The party after the ship's destruction, Ocean Camp
The party at Ocean Camp on the drifting sea ice
The look out platform at Ocean Camp
The <em>Dudley Docker</em> arrives at Cape Valentine, Elephant Island
Hauling up the <em>James Caird</em> at Elephant Island
The first hot food after five days in the boats
The exhausted party on the beach at Cape Valentine, Elephant Island
The mountain which blocked communications
The inaccessible cliffs of Elephant Island
Preparing for the relief voyage to South Georgia
Launching the <em>James Caird</em> for the relief voyage to South Georgia
The start for South Georgia
Shackleton leaving in the <em>Stancomb-Wills</em>
The spit where the Elephant Island Party lived for 4 1/2 months
The Elephant Island party
The party excavating an ice shelter
The boat shelter on Elephant Island 
Gentoo penguins, Elephant Island
Skinning penguins on Elephant Island
The view of the spit and Gnomon Island from inside an ice grotto
Looking out of rock cavern across West Bay
The <em>Yelcho</em> sighted
Sir Ernest Shackleton arriving at Elephant Island
<em>Aurora Australis 1908-09</em>
<em>The Heart of the Antarctic</em>
Shackleton's telegram to King Edward VII
Union Jack presented to Shackleton by King George V
<em>South</em>
<em>Shackleton's last voyage: the story of the 'Quest'</em>
The Cairn and Shackleton's grave
Bust of King George V in naval uniform