Queen Elizabeth

Photograph of Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother

Consort of King George VI
Born: 1900
Married: 1923
Died: 2002

  • Born Elizabeth Bowes Lyon, the daughter of the future 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
  • Descended from the Royal House of Scotland; retained strong associations with Scotland
  • Married the Duke of York, second son of King George V, in 1923
  • Their daughters Elizabeth (HM The Queen) and Margaret were born in 1926 and 1930
  • Following the death of King George V and the abdication of King Edward VIII in 1936, the Duke and Duchess of York succeeded as King George VI and Queen Elizabeth
  • During the Second World War, played a key role in maintaining the nation’s morale and fighting spirit, particularly by visiting heavily bombed areas of London, and by supporting the King
  • With King George VI, transformed Royal Lodge into a comfortable family home and created its garden; continued to use Royal Lodge as her country residence, and died there on 30 March 2002
  • From King George VI’s death on 6 February 1952 until her own death 50 years later, continued to perform public duties, as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
  • Her London home from 1953 was Clarence House, St James’s, where the finest pieces in her collection were kept (including paintings, drawings, porcelain, bibelots, Fabergé, miniatures and silver)
  • In 1953 bought and later restored the Castle of Mey on the north coast of Scotland
  • Collected twentieth-century British art, including works by Augustus John, Walter Sickert, Paul Nash, John Piper and Graham Sutherland, as well as acquiring works by earlier artists, including Monet, Millais, Winterhalter and Sandby

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