King George VI

Born: 1895
Died: 1952
Reigned: 1936–52

  • The second son of King George V and Queen Mary
  • Served in the Royal Navy during the First World War
  • Duke of York from 1920 to 1936, living in London and also (from 1932) at Royal Lodge, Windsor Great Park
  • In 1923 married Lady Elizabeth Bowes Lyon; their elder daughter, later HM Queen Elizabeth II, was born in 1926
  • Succeeded to the throne on the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, in December 1936
  • With Queen Elizabeth, paid state visits to France in 1938, and to Canada and the USA in 1939
  • With his consort was a focal point for the nation throughout the Second World War
  • Instituted the George Cross and George Medal (1940), awarded for acts of bravery by citizens, and organised displays of Orders, Medals and Decorations at Windsor
  • Following the declarations of independence by Pakistan and India in 1947, ceased to be Emperor of India
  • In 1948 revived the annual ceremonial for the Order of the Garter at Windsor, where he is buried
  • Added paintings by Ricci, Kneller and Knyff to the Collection

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