George I

Portrait of George I

Born: 1660
Died: 1727
Reigned: 1714–27

  • First monarch of the Hanoverian dynasty, grandson of the ‘Winter Queen’ — Princess Elizabeth, daughter of James VI and I
  • In 1682 married his cousin, Princess Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg (but divorced 1694); their son succeeded as George II
  • Inherited the British throne on the death of his second cousin Queen Anne
  • In 1715 successfully defeated the Stuart supporters of the ‘Old Pretender’, son of James II, and thus strengthened the Hanoverian dynasty
  • As Elector of Hanover (in addition to King of Great Britain) he continued to spend long periods on the Continent
  • Patron of Handel, who wrote the Water Music for a royal outing on the Thames
  • Commissioned William Kent to decorate, remodel and refurnish  the State Apartments of Kensington Palace

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