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Royal Collection Trust/© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2014

Recto: The bones of the foot. Verso: The bones and muscles of the arm

Overview

Creator: Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci 1452-Amboise 1519) (artist)
Creation Date: 
c.1510-11
Materials: 
Pen and ink with wash, over black chalk
Dimensions: 
29.3 x 20.1 cm
RCIN 
919000
Reference(s): 
K&P 135
RL 19000
Acquirer: Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-85)
Provenance: 
Bequeathed to Francesco Melzi; from whose heirs purchased by Pompeo Leoni, c.1582-90; Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel, by 1630; Probably acquired by Charles II; Royal Collection by 1690
Description:

Recto: a study of the trunk of a man, in profile to the right, with the right arm extended, indicating the surface muscles; the skeleton of a left foot; the same, seen from below; six diagrammatic drawings of the skeleton of the big toe; the bones of a left foot, in profile to the left and the corresponding leg bones, drawn upside down; with notes on the drawings. Verso: five studies of the skeleton of the right upper limb, showing pronation and supination; a diagram demonstrating pronation; notes on the drawings.

Leonardo examines the rotation of the forearm, showing the role of the biceps, its double origin and its point of insertion on the radius. He notes that the arm shortens slightly on rotation because the radius and ulna cross over, as explained by the geometrical diagram in the right margin with a note that 'a line loses depth the more obliquely it is placed.' This subtle observation of physical reality shows how far Leonardo's investigation of the human form had developed in the twenty years since his campaign of proportion studies.

RL 19000v

Text adapted from 'Leonardo da Vinci: the Divine and the Grotesque'

Further details

Category: 
Unframed Drawings / Watercolours