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Samuel Butler (active 1762)

Gold State Coach  1762

Gilded and painted wood, leather | 307 x 703 cm | RCIN 5000048

  • The gilded eight horse-drawn State Coach. Designed by William Chambers (1723-96) and made by the coachmaker Samuel Butler; featuring painted panels by Giovanni Cipriani (1727-85) and richly gilded carved sculpture by the carver Joseph Wilton (1722-1803), the gilder Henry Pujolas and the metal chaser George Coyte. Three cherubs on the roof (representing England, Ireland and Scotland) support the Imperial Crown and four tritons, one at each corner (representing Britain's imperial power). The body of the coach is slung by braces covered with Morocco leather with gilt buckles. The interior is lined and upholstered with velvet and satin.Catalogue entry from "Gold", London, 2014.

    Provenance

    Commissioned late in 1760 by The King’s Master of the Horse, Francis Hastings, 10th Earl of Huntingdon (1729-89) for George III for his coronation in 1762 and wedding to Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Delivered in 1762 and first used when the king travelled to Westminster to open Parliament on 25 November 1762. Used at every Coronation from George IV onwards, including that of HM The Queen in 1953 and on other state occasions including the Golden Jubilee of 2002.
  • Medium & Techniques

    Gilded and painted wood, leather

    gilt wood

    carved, painted

    Dimensions

    307 x 703 cm (whole object)