Click image to zoom

Click image to zoom

Download this image
Royal Collection Trust/© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2014

Gold State Coach


Creator: Samuel Butler (active 1762) (coach builder)
Creation Date: 
Materials and techniques: 
Gilded and painted wood, leather
307 x 703 cm
Commissioned late in 1760 by The King’s Master of the Horse, Francis Hastings, 10th Earl of Huntingdon (1729-89) for George III for his coronation in 1762 and wedding to Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Delivered in 1762 and first used when the king travelled to Westminster to open Parliament on 25 November 1762. Used at every Coronation from George IV onwards, including that of HM The Queen in 1953 and on other state occasions including the Golden Jubilee of 2002.

The gilded eight horse-drawn State Coach. Designed by William Chambers (1723-96) and made by the coachmaker Samuel Butler; featuring painted panels by Giovanni Cipriani (1727-85) and richly gilded carved sculpture by the carver Joseph Wilton (1722-1803), the gilder Henry Pujolas and the metal chaser George Coyte. Three cherubs on the roof (representing England, Ireland and Scotland) support the Imperial Crown and four tritons, one at each corner (representing Britain's imperial power). The body of the coach is slung by braces covered with Morocco leather with gilt buckles. The interior is lined and upholstered with velvet and satin.Catalogue entry from "Gold", London, 2014.

Further details

Additional Creators: Giovanni Battista Cipriani (1727-85) (artist)
Sir William Chambers (1722-96) (designer)
Joseph Wilton (1722-1803) (sculptor)
Miscellaneous (Works of Art)