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Royal Collection Trust/© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2015

Agatha Bas (1611-1658)


Creator: Rembrandt van Rijn (Leiden 1606-Amsterdam 1669) (artist)
Creation Date: 
Signed and dated 1641
Materials and techniques: 
Oil on canvas
105.4 x 83.9 cm
CW 162
XQG 1962 Treas 32
XQG 1971 Dutch 13
XQG 1988 Treas 15
XQG 2002 Treas 14
Acquirer: George IV, King of the United Kingdom (1762-1830)
Louis Bernard Coclers (Amsterdam), 1805; imported into England by Nieuwenhuys and offered at Christie's, London, 29 June 1814 (76); bought in; subsequently bought by John Smith; by whom sold to Lord Charles Townshend; his sale, Robins, London, 4 June 1819 (32); bought by Lord Yarmouth for George IV (£74 10s.)

This is one of the most beautiful portraits in the Royal Collection. Its companion, in the Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, depicts Nicolaes van Bembeeck (1596-1661), a wool merchant who had married Agatha Bas (1611-58) in 1638. It is also signed and dated 1641. The couple lived in the Sint Anthoniesbreestraat, where Rembrandt himself lived from 1631; they were almost certainly known to the artist.

Rembrandt introduced a new compositional device in this painting: the figure is posed within a painted ebony frame which blurs the boundaries between the imaginary space within the composition and the real world outside. The sense of direct contact with the sitter is achieved partly through the striking gesture of the hand resting against the frame and partly by showing the fan protruding over the edge towards the viewer's space. An earlier reduction in the size of the canvas has considerably reduced this illusionistic effect. The different levels of finish in the painting are particularly striking. For instance, Rembrandt portrays the fine hairs at the edge of the hairline through curling lines incised into the paint with the end of the brush, and in contrast to such direct handling the depiction of Agatha Bas's skin and eyes is remarkably subtle and delicate.

There are five paintings by Rembrandt in the Royal Collection, the earliest of which, The Artist's Mother(?), was presented to Charles I before 1633, and was thus one of the first works by Rembrandt to reach England. Of the three Rembrandts collected by George IV, The Shipbuilder and his Wife , purchased for 5,000 guineas in 1811, was perhaps his most famous single acquisition.

Signed and dated: 'Rembrandt f. / 1641' and inscribed with the sitter's age: 'AE 29'

Catalogue entry from Royal Treasures, A Golden Jubilee Celebration, London 2002

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