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Royal Collection Trust/© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2014

Philip II (1527-98)

Overview

Creator: Leone Leoni (1509-90) (sculptor)
Creation Date: 
c. 1555
Materials: 
Bronze
Dimensions: 
88.9 x 57.5 x 30.5 cm
RCIN 
35323
Reference(s): 
XQG 2002 61
XQG 1964 Italian 32
Acquirer: George IV, King of the United Kingdom (1762-1830), when King of the United Kingdom (1820-30)
Provenance: 
Commissioned by Fernando Alverez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba; George Watson-Taylor sale, Christie's, London, 28 May 1825; bought by Robert Fogg for George IV (£52 10s).
Description:

An Italian bronze bust of Philip II (1527-98) King of Spain, wearing etched armour with the collar and badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece. An oval relief at the centre of the breastplate with a crucifix. Inscribed on the integrally-cast socle: PHI . REX . ANGL . ETC

In the inscription, Philip is designated King of England, reflecting his marriage to Mary Tudor at Winchester in July 1554. The bust must have been made before January 1556, when he succeeded his father Charles V as King of Spain. It was commissioned by the Duke of Alba, probably following his appointment as Governor of Milan in April 1555.

Further details

Additional Creators: Italian (place of production)
Italian (nationality)
Robert Fogg (c. 1761-1823) (dealer)
Category: 
Sculpture