Leone Leoni (1509-90)
Philip II (1527-98) c. 1555
Bronze | 88.9 x 57.5 x 30.5 cm | RCIN 35323
An Italian bronze bust of Philip II (1527-98) King of Spain, wearing etched armour with the collar and badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece. An oval relief at the centre of the breastplate with a crucifix. Inscribed on the integrally-cast socle: PHI . REX . ANGL . ETC
In the inscription, Philip is designated King of England, reflecting his marriage to Mary Tudor at Winchester in July 1554. The bust must have been made before January 1556, when he succeeded his father Charles V as King of Spain. It was commissioned by the Duke of Alba, probably following his appointment as Governor of Milan in April 1555.
ProvenanceCommissioned by Fernando Alverez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba; George Watson-Taylor sale, Christie's, London, 28 May 1825; bought by Robert Fogg for George IV (£52 10s).
Leone Leoni (1509-90) (sculptor)
Italian (place of production)
Robert Fogg (c. 1761-1823) (dealer) [Chinaman of 16 Warwick Street, Golden Square]
- Physical properties